A flipped classroom is a pedagogical model where the typical lecture and homework elements of a course are reversed. Short video lectures or reading material are viewed by the student at home before attending the classroom. In the class students will devote time to discussion, activities or projects.
This inverted approach will dramatically change the role of the instructor. Rather than being on the stage to deliver a lesson, the instructor will become a coach or guide for the students. Teachers will have to interact with each individual more often, by helping them understand the meaning of everything they learned prior to attending class. Flipped learning is an open concept and doesn’t have specific guidelines that instructors must follow. It can be used for a single lesson, topic or throughout the whole semester.
A flipped class provides a higher quality of education, where students are actively using their minds, and engaged in a deeper learning experience rather that surface learning. However, this reverse method requires the instructor to become more innovative, by putting the ownership on the student rather than on the instructor. When students accept more responsibly it frees up more valuable time in the classroom. Instructors can focus on understanding the needs of each individual student, and assess who’s mastering the concepts. By following this path, instructors will create a “hands on” environment, where students will have an opportunity to practice their new skills.
To make this approach work outside the classroom, Instructors must be willing to try a variety of technologies. This may include creating online videos, placing documents on a cloud server, listening to podcasts, setting up an online discussion form, or using feedback applications where students can share ideas without teacher interaction. Many instructors may resist using these technologies at first, but after awhile they will understand the importance of each, and realize it’s a successful way for students to learn. As the flipped class becomes more popular, new tools and strategies may emerge to support both the educator’s and student’s needs.
This strategy is very effective, it’s a hands-on approach that improves student achievement and involves them in their own education, which I believe is needed in today’s academic world.